Osteology is the research field that studies the human skeletal system in order to reconstruct the osteobiography of a person or the bio-social structure of a population. Osteological analysis attempts to identify the biological profile of an individual, including parameters such as sex, age, height, identification of pathological lesions, traumas and forms of physical stress. This information is essential for understanding the paleodemographic structure, general health pattern and social stratification of a population. In addition, osteological analysis provides valuable information about burial practices and customs, by studying cremated bones, collective burials and reburials, or burials that deviate from the usual patterns of a necropolis. Researchers cover a broad scientific framework, including of paleoanthropology, bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology.

The Laboratory of Physical Anthropology has a complete infrastructure for metric analysis in 2D (osteometric boards, high precision calipers) as well as 3D (3D digitizer Artec Spider, MicroScribe). It is also possible to study bone structures through stereoscopic and microscopic observation and documentation. The lab has also developed collaborations for X-Ray and CT analysis. The acquired data is registered in databases. Undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral studies are conducted in skeletal populations from archaeological sites in Greece. The well-trained scientific staff and the complete infrastructure provide high-level educational and research work.